The most common way of treatment for kidney stones is pain relief and drinking lots of water. Sometimes pain of passing the stones is to severe so narcotic pain medications are required, such as morphine. Drinking lots of water is said to make the stones pass quicker. If the patient is vomiting and cannot manage to drink that much fluid it may be necessary to provice fluid through a vein.
Most kidney stones will pass on their own but some are to large to. When that is the case surgery may be required to prevent serious damage, heavy bleeding or infection. One way of treatment is inserting a tube into the bladder and into the ureter. A tiny basket is passed through the tube in an attempt to snare the stone and pull it out. Although in the past open surgery was common, new methods include crushing the stone with shock waves, this is called lithotripsy. The shock waves can be aimed at the stone from outside the body or from inside the body. But once this is done the fragments of the stone can then pass on their own.
There are some less common treatments for kidney stones such as herbal medicine, acupuncture, hypnosis, or guided imagery to relieve pain.